A developmental disability is a life-long physical or mental disability or impairment. These include disorders such as mental retardation, autism, cerebral palsy, and Down Syndrome. Doctors consider anything that affects the daily functioning of a person as a developmental disability.
Several factors can cause a developmental disability. These include brain injury, child abuse, premature birth, abuse while in the womb, and even chromosome abnormalities. Some people with developmental disabilities suffer abuse from strangers or even their caregivers. Abuse can include actions like hitting, punching, neglect, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, or even legal abuse.
Many people with these disabilities may feel like they aren’t strong enough to fight back. They may not tell anyone that the abuse is going on because of fear. Some may feel like they can handle it themselves or believe they deserve the abuse.
In society, many view these disabilities as a burden. However, more and more organizations help people with disabilities. Some businesses are working to ensure society treats these individuals as citizens. There are now more educational and training opportunities available to people with developmental disabilities. For example, a person with a developmental disability may qualify to get training and find help to get a job. As more groups advocate equality, more employers are willing to pay these individuals the same wage as other workers in the same position who do not have a disability.
People with developmental disabilities are now getting more support than ever. In some cases, doctors are able to help improve the situation through prescription drug treatment. Therapists may work with doctors to help individuals with developmental disabilities get the medical and emotional help they need. Support groups are also around to stand up for these people.
As society continues to understand development disabilities better, things should get easier for individuals dealing with the problems caused by their conditions.